首页 > 默认 > 转贴:redhat linux AS 4下配置sendmail邮件服务器

转贴:redhat linux AS 4下配置sendmail邮件服务器

2012年10月23日 admin 发表评论 阅读评论

redhat linux AS 4下配置sendmail邮件服务器
前期工作:

在DNS管理中加入:

MX:mail.lapkeung.com(优先级 10)

mail.lapkeung.com

一.sendmail服务器的安装:

1.首先查看sendmail是否安装完毕

[root@localhost mail]#rpm -q sendmail

sendmail-8.13.1-2

如果发现没有安装的话,在添加删除软件包里,把邮件这个选上,然后安装

2.安装redhat linuxAS 4 后,修改 /etc/mail/sendmail.mc.

divert(-1)dnl
dnl #
dnl # This is the sendmail macro config file for m4. If you make changes to
dnl # /etc/mail/sendmail.mc, you will need to regenerate the
dnl # /etc/mail/sendmail.cf file by confirming that the sendmail-cf package is
dnl # installed and then performing a
dnl #
dnl # make -C /etc/mail
dnl #
include(`/usr/share/sendmail-cf/m4/cf.m4')dnl
VERSIONID(`setup for Red Hat Linux')dnl
OSTYPE(`linux')dnl
dnl #
dnl # Uncomment and edit the following line if your outgoing mail needs to
dnl # be sent out through an external mail server:
dnl #
dnl define(`SMART_HOST',`smtp.your.provider')
dnl #
define(`confDEF_USER_ID',``8:12'')dnl
define(`confTRUSTED_USER', `smmsp')dnl
dnl define(`confAUTO_REBUILD')dnl
define(`confTO_CONNECT', `1m')dnl
define(`confTRY_NULL_MX_LIST',true)dnl
define(`confDONT_PROBE_INTERFACES',true)dnl
define(`PROCMAIL_MAILER_PATH',`/usr/bin/procmail')dnl
define(`ALIAS_FILE', `/etc/aliases')dnl
dnl define(`STATUS_FILE', `/etc/mail/statistics')dnl
define(`UUCP_MAILER_MAX', `2000000')dnl
define(`confUSERDB_SPEC', `/etc/mail/userdb.db')dnl
define(`confPRIVACY_FLAGS', `authwarnings,novrfy,noexpn,restrictqrun')dnl
define(`confAUTH_OPTIONS', `A')dnl
dnl #
dnl # The following allows relaying if the user authenticates, and disallows
dnl # plaintext authentication (PLAIN/LOGIN) on non-TLS links
dnl #
dnl define(`confAUTH_OPTIONS', `A p')dnl
dnl #
dnl # PLAIN is the preferred plaintext authentication method and used by
dnl # Mozilla Mail and Evolution, though Outlook Express and other MUAs do
dnl # use LOGIN. Other mechanisms should be used if the connection is not
dnl # guaranteed secure.
dnl #
define(QUEUE_DIR, `/var/spool/mqueue/q*')
TRUST_AUTH_MECH(`EXTERNAL DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5 LOGIN PLAIN')dnl
define(`confAUTH_MECHANISMS', `EXTERNAL GSSAPI DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5 LOGIN PLAIN')dnl
dnl #
dnl # Rudimentary information on creating certificates for sendmail TLS:
dnl # make -C /usr/share/ssl/certs usage
dnl #
dnl define(`confCACERT_PATH',`/usr/share/ssl/certs')
dnl define(`confCACERT',`/usr/share/ssl/certs/ca-bundle.crt')
dnl define(`confSERVER_CERT',`/usr/share/ssl/certs/sendmail.pem')
dnl define(`confSERVER_KEY',`/usr/share/ssl/certs/sendmail.pem')
dnl #
dnl # This allows sendmail to use a keyfile that is shared with OpenLDAP's
dnl # slapd, which requires the file to be readble by group ldap
dnl #
dnl define(`confDONT_BLAME_SENDMAIL',`groupreadablekeyfile')dnl
dnl #
dnl define(`confTO_QUEUEWARN', `4h')dnl
dnl define(`confTO_QUEUERETURN', `5d')dnl
dnl define(`confQUEUE_LA', `12')dnl
dnl define(`confREFUSE_LA', `18')dnl
define(`confTO_IDENT', `0')dnl
dnl FEATURE(delay_checks)dnl
FEATURE(`no_default_msa',`dnl')dnl
FEATURE(`smrsh',`/usr/sbin/smrsh')dnl
FEATURE(`mailertable',`hash -o /etc/mail/mailertable.db')dnl
FEATURE(`virtusertable',`hash -o /etc/mail/virtusertable.db')dnl
FEATURE(redirect)dnl
FEATURE(always_add_domain)dnl
FEATURE(use_cw_file)dnl
FEATURE(use_ct_file)dnl
dnl #
dnl # The -t option will retry delivery if e.g. the user runs over his quota.
dnl #
FEATURE(local_procmail,`',`procmail -t -Y -a $h -d $u')dnl
FEATURE(`access_db',`hash -T; -o /etc/mail/access.db')dnl
FEATURE(`blacklist_recipients')dnl
EXPOSED_USER(`root')dnl
dnl #
dnl # The following causes sendmail to only listen on the IPv4 loopback address
dnl # 127.0.0.1 and not on any other network devices. Remove the loopback
dnl # address restriction to accept email from the internet or intranet.
dnl #
dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=smtp,Addr=127.0.0.1, Name=MTA')dnl
dnl #
dnl # The following causes sendmail to additionally listen to port 587 for
dnl # mail from MUAs that authenticate. Roaming users who can't reach their
dnl # preferred sendmail daemon due to port 25 being blocked or redirected find
dnl # this useful.
dnl #
DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=25, Name=MSA')dnl
dnl #
dnl # The following causes sendmail to additionally listen to port 465, but
dnl # starting immediately in TLS mode upon connecting. Port 25 or 587 followed
dnl # by STARTTLS is preferred, but roaming clients using Outlook Express can't
dnl # do STARTTLS on ports other than 25. Mozilla Mail can ONLY use STARTTLS
dnl # and doesn't support the deprecated smtps; Evolution <1.1.1 uses smtps
dnl # when SSL is enabled-- STARTTLS support is available in version 1.1.1.
dnl #
dnl # For this to work your OpenSSL certificates must be configured.
dnl #
dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=smtps, Name=TLSMTA, M=s')dnl
dnl #
dnl # The following causes sendmail to additionally listen on the IPv6 loopback
dnl # device. Remove the loopback address restriction listen to the network.
dnl #
dnl # NOTE: binding both IPv4 and IPv6 daemon to the same port requires
dnl # a kernel patch
dnl #
dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`port=smtp,Addr=::1, Name=MTA-v6, Family=inet6')dnl
dnl #
dnl # We strongly recommend not accepting unresolvable domains if you want to
dnl # protect yourself from spam. However, the laptop and users on computers
dnl # that do not have 24x7 DNS do need this.
dnl #
FEATURE(`accept_unresolvable_domains')dnl
dnl #
dnl FEATURE(`relay_based_on_MX')dnl
dnl #
dnl # Also accept email sent to "localhost.localdomain" as local email.
dnl #
LOCAL_DOMAIN(`localhost.localdomain')dnl
dnl #
dnl # The following example makes mail from this host and any additional
dnl # specified domains appear to be sent from mydomain.com
dnl #
dnl MASQUERADE_AS(`mydomain.com')dnl
dnl #
dnl # masquerade not just the headers, but the envelope as well
dnl #
dnl FEATURE(masquerade_envelope)dnl
dnl #
dnl # masquerade not just @mydomainalias.com, but @*.mydomainalias.com as well
dnl #
dnl FEATURE(masquerade_entire_domain)dnl
dnl #
dnl MASQUERADE_DOMAIN(localhost)dnl
dnl MASQUERADE_DOMAIN(localhost.localdomain)dnl
dnl MASQUERADE_DOMAIN(mydomainalias.com)dnl
dnl MASQUERADE_DOMAIN(mydomain.lan)dnl
MAILER(smtp)dnl
MAILER(procmail)dnl

文件中,红色字体的行为需要修改的地方,共有五行需要修改。
第一行是手动添加的,与认证无关,作用是启动多个邮件队列,为了获得更好的传输性能。
第二行和第三行是去掉行首的注释。”TRUST_AUTH_MECH”的作用是使sendmail不管access文件中如何设置,都能 relay 那些通过EXTERNAL, LOGIN, PLAIN, CRAM-MD5或DIGEST-MD5等方式验证的邮件,”confAUTH_MECHANISMS" 的作用是确定系统的认证方式。Outlook Express支持的认证方式是LOGIN。
第四行是加上注释,以便让sendmail可以侦听所有网络设备,为整个网络提供服务,而不仅仅只对本机提供服务。
第五行是修改的,原来内容是:
dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=submission, Name=MSA, M=Ea')dnl
去掉行首的注释符,并且将内容修改成Port=25:
DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=25, Name=MSA')dnl
在smtp的默认端口(25)上进行认证,而不是587端口。这样就强制所有使用该邮件服务器进行邮件转发的用户在认证后才能发邮件了。

2.运行:
# m4 /etc/mail/sendmail.mc >/etc/mail/sendmail.cf
用m4重新生成sendmail.cf文件

修改local-host-names文件,加入mail.lapkeung.com

修改access文件,加入:

mail.lapkeung.com RELAY
lapkeung.com RELAY

生成库文件
# makemap hash /etc/mail/access.db < /etc/mail/access

3. 既然我们打开了多个队列,现在我们在/var/spool/mqueue/下创建任意多个队列目录,运行:
# cd /var/spool/mqueue
# mkdir q1 q2 q3 q4 q5 q6

4. 修改/etc/mail/local-host-names,将希望该邮件服务器使用的邮箱名加进去,比如邮箱为:xxx@abc.com.cn则将abc.com.cn加入到该文件中。
5. 重新启动sendmail服务,运行:
# killall –HUP sendmail

# service sendmail restart
6. 可以通过telnet 本机IP 25来验证sendmail服务是否已经正常启动,若登陆成功,则说明sendmail服务已经成功启动。
# telnet localhost 25
Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.
Escape character is '^]'
220 localhost.localdomain ESMTP Sendmail 8.12.8/8.12.8; Wed, 12 May 2004 15:57:01 +0800
ehlo localhost
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-8BITMIME
250-SIZE
250-DSN
250-AUTH GSSAPI LOGIN PLAIN
250-DELIVERBY
250-HELP
quit
#
在AUTH后面有LOGIN就基本上可以在OutlookExpress上认证了。

二. Pop3服务配置:(pop3是在AS4上的新改动! ^!^)

为了安装POP3服务器,您需要安装dovecot包。以下面的RPM查询命令查看dovecot是否已安装在系统中:
#rpm -q dovecot
没安装的话,这个RPM包在第4张光盘上.

1. # service dovecot start

启动 Dovecot Imap: [ 确定 ]

2. 修改/etc/dovecot.conf文件:

#protocols = imap imap3
更改为:
protocols = imap imap3 pop3 pop3s

缺省的ports:
imap: 143
imaps: 993
pop3: 110
pop3s: 995
保存后退出,

然后重启 dovecot

#sbin/service dovecot restart

测试

[root@localhost mail]#telnet 127.0.0.1 110

trying 127.0.0.1....

connected to localhost.localdomain(127.0.0.1)

Escape character is `^`]`

+ok dovecot ready

出现上面的提示就表明pop3正常在运行了

接下来新建邮件帐号,由于linux系统帐号就是邮件帐号,所以只要建立系统帐号和密码,就可以在outlook等客户端收发邮件了.

 

 

关于作者:

昵称:admin
档案信息:商云方 (yunfang.shang@hand-china.com), HAND技术服务中心
联系方式:你可以通过syfvb@hotmail.com联系作者
点击查看admin发表过的所有文章...
本文永久链接: http://blog.retailsolution.cn/archives/3185

 

 

对本文的评价:

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Loading ... Loading ...

 

 

分类: 默认 标签:
  1. 本文目前尚无任何评论.
  1. 本文目前尚无任何 trackbacks 和 pingbacks.
您必须在 登录 后才能发布评论.